SPHS 505 America Public University Motor Skills Hypothetical Athlete Essay

Assignment 1: Diagram a motor skill using the file picture information processing model.

  • Choose and describe a hypothetical athlete/individual and a motor skill you would like to teach
  • Explain whether this skill is closed vs open, discrete, serial or continuous
  • Explain the individual’s ability and all situational/environmental issues
  • Explain issues of anticipation and possible arousal associated with learning and performing the skill
  • Find and summarize one peer reviewed journal article (one-page review + APA reference) that supports your choice of skill, teaching method, concern, need from an information processing related position
  • Remember, additional APA in-text documentation and referencing are required to support your analysis (review irubric)

Now the Diagram……………….Create a detailed outline of your skill with the following headings and explanations:


Identify all key information that typically confronts the learner. This will include both, important teaching information, and also possible irrelevant personal and environmental information.

Sensory Register:

Explain what information is attended to (registered), why?

Selective Filter:

Explain what information from the display is retained and what information is not attended to


Explain what information remains in attention and memory and why

Short-term memory:

Explain how you will help the athlete move the key information into short-term memory and analyze, interpret, integrate, create a schema for future selection

Choice Delay:


  • What is meant by choice delay, why it happens and why this issue is important
  • Response execution of long-term memory: Explain this process, how it happens, how it is improved, why it might not happen consistently.

The length of this assignment should be 5 pages plus Title and reference page.

Expert Solution Preview


In this medical college assignment, we will discuss the information processing model to diagram a motor skill. We will choose a hypothetical athlete/individual and a motor skill that we would like to teach. We will explain whether this skill is closed vs open, discrete, serial or continuous and all situational/environmental issues of the individual’s ability. Moreover, we will explain issues of anticipation and possible arousal associated with learning and performing the skill. Then, we will find and summarize one peer-reviewed journal article that supports our choice of skill, teaching method, concern, and need from an information processing-related position. Finally, we will create a detailed outline of our skill under different headings.


Diagramming a motor skill using the file picture information processing model refers to the process of teaching an athlete or an individual regarding a specific skill in an organized manner. For this assignment, we will choose Michael Jordan as a hypothetical athlete, and we will teach him a basketball skill.

The skill we have chosen for Michael Jordan is the jump shot, which is a continuous and open skill that requires dribbling and involves the use of both hands. Michael Jordan has the ability to perform this skill effectively as he has played basketball professionally and has mastered several basketball skills before. However, situational/environmental issues such as injuries, age, fatigue, the opponent’s defense, etc., may affect his performance.

Anticipation and possible arousal associated with learning and performing the skill could also impact Michael Jordan’s success in performing the jump shot. Anticipation refers to the ability to predict what will happen next, which helps athletes to make quick decisions and improve performance. On the other hand, arousal is a state of excitement or readiness to perform and can have both positive and negative impacts on performance.

One peer-reviewed journal article that supports the teaching method of jump shooting is “The effects of three different teaching methods on the performance of a basketball shooting task” (Liu et al., 2016). The researchers found that participants who received a feedback-based training method had the most significant improvement in their basketball shooting performance.

Display: The key information that confronts the learner in teaching a jump shot includes several rules and techniques that they must use to carry out the skill. They include positioning the ball, aiming, jumping while maintaining balance, and using the correct amount of strength to push the ball towards the basket.

Sensory Register: The information that is attended to is the feel of the ball, the basket’s positioning, the position of both the player’s feet, and the opponent’s position, if any.

Selective Filter: The information that is not attended to or retained is the irrelevant personal information like the noise in the gym or other players’ conversations.

Encoding: The information that remains in attention and memory is the muscle memory of executing the jump shot and understanding how to maintain balance while aiming for the basket.

Short-term memory: To move the key information into short-term memory, we will show Michael Jordan how to position the ball and where to look while jumping, interpret his movement, and provide him with feedback to understand what he did well and where he could improve.

Choice Delay: Choice delay refers to the period where the athlete decides how to execute the skill. In jump shooting, it is essential to decide on the target (the basket), determine the distance to the target, and decide how much force to apply to the shot.

Response execution of long-term memory: This process involves executing the jump shot while keeping the correct form without thinking. Practice and muscle memory will improve this process, but factors like fatigue, pressure, and distractions can affect consistency.


In conclusion, teaching a skill like jump shot requires a detailed understanding of the information processing model. With proper guidance and feedback, an athlete like Michael Jordan who has mastered basic basketball skills can improve performance in this particular skill. The diagram of the motor skill through the file picture information processing model is a valuable tool that can help coaches and educators to improve their teaching methods.

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