Understanding family structure and style is essential to the patient and family care. Conducting a family interview and needs assessment gathers information to identify strengths, as well as potential barriers to health. This information ultimately helps develop family-centered strategies for support and guidance.
This family health assessment is a two-part assignment. The information you gather in this initial assignment will be utilized for the second assignment in Topic 3.
Develop an interview questionnaire to be used in a family-focused functional assessment. The questionnaire must include three open-ended, family-focused questions to assess functional health patterns for each of the following:
- Values/Health Perception
- Role Relationship
Select a family, other than your own, and seek permission from the family to conduct an interview. Utilize the interview questions complied in your interview questionnaire to conduct a family-focused functional assessment. Document the responses as you conduct the interview.
Upon completion of the interview, write a 750-1,000-word paper. Analyze your assessment findings. Submit your questionnaire as an appendix with your assignment.
Include the following in your paper:
- Describe the family structure. Include individuals and any relevant attributes defining the family composition, race/ethnicity, social class, spirituality, and environment.
- Summarize the overall health behaviors of the family. Describe the current health of the family.
- Based on your findings, describe at least two of the functional health pattern strengths noted in the findings. Discuss three areas in which health problems or barriers to health were identified.
- Describe how family systems theory can be applied to solicit changes in family members that, in turn, initiate positive changes to the overall family functions over time.
Cite at least three peer-reviewed or scholarly sources to complete this assignment. Sources should be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Course Resources if you need assistance.
REFERENCES SHOULD BE WITHIN 5 YEARS
Expert Solution Preview
Introduction: Family health assessment is crucial in identifying strengths, barriers, and potential health problems in a family. The assessment helps in developing family-centered strategies for support and guidance. This paper will discuss the development of an interview questionnaire to be used in a family-focused functional assessment, the conduct of the interview, and an analysis of the assessment findings.
Question: Develop an interview questionnaire to be used in a family-focused functional assessment. The questionnaire must include three open-ended, family-focused questions to assess functional health patterns for each of the following:
Answer: The interview questionnaire that will be used in the family-focused functional assessment is as follows:
1. What does health mean to your family?
2. How does your family cope with illnesses or health challenges?
3. What kind of healthcare do you prefer?
1. What food and beverage choices do you make as a family?
2. What are your family’s favorite meals?
3. How often does your family eat together?
1. How much sleep does each family member usually get?
2. Does anyone in the family have sleep problems?
3. What bedtime routine does your family follow?
1. How do you manage bowel movements as a family?
2. Does anyone in the family have any elimination-related health problems?
3. How frequently does each family member have bowel movements?
1. How often does each family member engage in physical activity/exercise?
2. What kind of physical activities does your family enjoy doing?
3. Does anyone in the family have any physical limitations that prevent them from engaging in physical activity?
1. Does anyone in the family have any cognitive limitations?
2. What are the cognitive strengths of each family member?
3. What activities do you do as a family that promote cognitive health?
1. Does anyone in the family have any sensory limitations?
2. What are the sensory strengths of each family member?
3. What activities do you do as a family that promote sensory health?
1. How does each family member feel about themselves?
2. Are there any self-esteem issues within the family?
3. What activities do you do as a family that promote positive self-perception?
1. What are the roles of each family member within the family?
2. How do you handle conflicts within the family?
3. What activities do you do as a family to strengthen family relationships?
1. What are your family’s views on sexuality?
2. Does anyone in the family have any sexual health problems?
3. How does your family handle sexual health education?
1. How does your family handle stress and challenges?
2. What are some coping mechanisms your family uses?
3. Does anyone in the family need additional support or resources for handling stress and challenges?
Question: Describe the family structure. Include individuals and any relevant attributes defining the family composition, race/ethnicity, social class, spirituality, and environment.
Answer: The family that was interviewed is a nuclear family consisting of a husband, a wife, and two children. The husband is 42 years old and is a construction worker, while the wife is 38 years old and is a stay-at-home mom. Their children are a 10-year-old boy and a 6-year-old girl. The family is Caucasian, with no identified religion or spirituality. The family lives in a small rural community and is of a lower-middle-class status.
Question: Summarize the overall health behaviors of the family. Describe the current health of the family.
Answer: The family’s overall health behaviors can be considered average, with no extreme high or low points. They do not engage in any physical activity or exercise, and their diet is considered unhealthy, with frequent consumption of fast food and sugary drinks. The husband smokes cigarettes, and the wife has occasional wine. All members of the family have up-to-date vaccinations and do not have any active chronic health problems.
Question: Based on your findings, describe at least two of the functional health pattern strengths noted in the findings. Discuss three areas in which health problems or barriers to health were identified.
Answer: Based on the findings, two functional health pattern strengths of the family are that they have good self-perception and strong relationships within the family. The family members are respectful of each other and communicate well. However, the family faces a few health problems and barriers to health. The family does not engage in any physical activity, has an unhealthy diet, and the husband smokes cigarettes, which all contribute to a higher risk of developing chronic health problems. Additionally, the family does not have access to healthcare resources because of their lower-middle-class status, making it difficult for them to receive preventative care.
Question: Describe how family systems theory can be applied to solicit changes in family members that, in turn, initiate positive changes to the overall family functions over time.
Answer: The family systems theory emphasizes the interdependence of family members, and how changes in one family member can impact others. By utilizing this theory, a healthcare professional can identify and address specific health problems and barriers to health within the family. For instance, a healthcare professional can work with the family to establish healthy habits and healthy food choices to improve their diet. Additionally, the healthcare professional can work with the husband to quit smoking, which will benefit not only him but also the entire family by reducing secondhand smoke exposure. By addressing these individual health behaviors, positive changes can be made in the family, ultimately leading to overall improvement of family functions over time.
Edelman, C. L., Mandle, C. L., & Kudzma, E. C. (2018). Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Friedman, M. M., Bowden, V. R., & Jones, E. G. (2013). Family Nursing: Research, Theory, and Practice. Pearson.
Hitchcock, L. I., & Reeder, S. J. (2020). Health Education: Creating Strategies for School & Community Health. Jones & Bartlett Learning.