For this assignment, you will write a paper on the pharmacological management of the disease. The paper should include a review of the:
- Select a disease process that is of interest to you.
- Pathophysiology of the disease state.
- Review of the pharmacological agents used for treatment and important information related to advanced practice nurse.
Each student will clearly write a title for this topic: For examples, “Pharmacological Effects of Anti-Hypertensive Medications in the Management of Hypertension”.
- The paper is to be clear and concise and students will lose points for improper grammar, punctuation, and misspelling.
- The paper should be formatted per current APA and 5-7 pages in length, excluding the title, abstract and references page.
- Incorporate a minimum of 5 current (published within last five years) scholarly journal articles or primary legal sources (statutes, court opinions) within your work.
Expert Solution Preview
The pharmacological management of diseases is a vital aspect of the healthcare industry. As medical college students, it is essential to have a thorough understanding of the medications used in the treatment of numerous disease processes. This paper aims to provide insights into the pathophysiology of a selected disease, review the pharmacological agents used for treatment and pertinent information related to advanced practice nurses working in the field.
Title: The Pharmacological Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease that affects millions of individuals worldwide. It is characterized by high blood glucose levels resulting from insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion, and increased hepatic glucose production. Pharmacological agents such as Metformin, Sulfonylureas, DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists, and SGLT-2 inhibitors have been effective in managing T2DM.
Metformin is regarded as the first-line medication for the treatment of T2DM due to its effectiveness in reducing glucose levels. Sulfonylureas work by stimulating pancreatic beta-cells to release insulin while DPP-4 inhibitors prevent the degradation of GLP-1 and GIP hormones. GLP-1 receptor agonists promote insulin secretion and aid in weight loss while SGLT-2 inhibitors inhibit glucose reabsorption in the kidneys.
Advanced practice nurses play a critical role in the pharmacological management of T2DM. They work closely with patients to monitor blood glucose levels, glycemic control, and medication adherence. Additionally, they provide patient education on lifestyle modifications, monitor for side effects and ensure proper medication dosing.
In conclusion, the use of pharmacological agents in the management of T2DM is crucial in achieving optimal glycemic control. It is imperative that advanced practice nurses have a proper understanding of the medications used to treat T2DM and work closely with patients in ensuring proper medication adherence, monitoring for side effects and providing education on lifestyle modifications.