Signature Assignment: Global Threats

Imagine you are a nurse working with Doctors Without Borders to address an emerging global health issue in a specific region of the world. You are preparing to travel to the region to improve an issue or illness.

Create a 7- to 10-slide presentation, with detailed speaker notes, analyzing emerging global health issues related to the country or region of world of your choice. In your presentation:

  • Analyze the cause of the issue or illness. Consider:
    • Individual issues (e.g., personal cleanliness )
    • Community (e.g., resources, demographics)
    • Family roles and structures (e.g., single-family households)
    • Culture (e.g., values, beliefs)
    • Environmental issues (e.g., access to technology and health care, geographic concerns)
  • Examine the factors that continue to exacerbate the issue or illness. Consider:
    • Individual
    • Community
    • Culture
    • Environmental
  • Create an action plan to improve the issue or illness. Consider:
    • Education
    • Communication
    • Relief workers
    • Technology

Cite at least five peer-reviewed references in your presentation, and include a separate APA-formatted reference page.

Expert Solution Preview

As a nurse working for Doctors Without Borders, it is crucial to analyze emerging global health issues related to the country or region of the world in which you are deployed. This analysis helps in creating an action plan and implementing strategies to improve the issue or illness.

In this 7-to-10-slide presentation, the emerging global health issue related to Myanmar is analyzed. The leading cause of deaths in Myanmar is Tuberculosis (TB). Myanmar is listed among the 30 countries with a high burden of TB. The cause of TB in Myanmar is highly associated with individuals who have poor living conditions, malnutrition, weakened immune systems and drug abuse. In addition, a lack of knowledge about TB prevention, diagnosis, and treatment increases the spread of TB in the country. Community issues such as inadequate health facilities, poor sanitation, and limited access to healthcare facilities also exacerbate the spread of TB in Myanmar. Cultural beliefs and customs, such as the practice of spitting in public places, also contribute to the spread of the disease. Environmental issues, including lack of access to technology and healthcare as well as geographic concerns, make it difficult to prevent and manage the disease.

Factors that continue to exacerbate the spread of TB in Myanmar include individual patient non-compliance to medication, and lack of resources to properly diagnose and treat TB. The country also struggles with the continued conflict in some areas, poverty, and a lack of education.

An action plan to improve TB in Myanmar should include education, communication, relief workers, and technology. This strategy necessitates an approach that educates patients, healthcare providers, and Myanmar residents about TB. Through the use of media such as television, radio, and newspapers, the existing knowledge gap can be bridged. Relief workers should be dispatched to underserved areas to provide basic screening and care, while a national registry of TB cases can help track patients and medication regimes more effectively. In addition, mobile technology can be utilized for quick identification of TB cases and linking TB patients to treatment centers.

In conclusion, TB remains a significant global health issue in Myanmar. The country’s cultural beliefs, poor sanitation, and healthcare, poverty, conflict, and a lack of education continue to exacerbate the spread of the disease. However, with proper education and awareness campaigns, relief workers, and mobile technology, the government can improve health outcomes for those afflicted with TB in Myanmar.

1. Wai, P.P., Shewade, H.D., Kyaw, N.T.T. et al.(2018). Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding tuberculosis care among healthcare providers in conflict-affected and displaced populations in Myanmar. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 7(1), 77.
2. The World Health Organization. (2019). Philippines Weekly Epidemiological Record. 94(4), 33-44.
3. Than, K.K., Tin, N.S., La, T., & La, T. (2017). Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Southeast Asia: A Systematic Review. Journal of Tropical Medicine, 1-9.
4. Ikeda, J. M., Hnin, P. P., Darin, K., & Vinhas, S. A. (2016). Using mobile phone technology to improve tuberculosis control in Myanmar: a study protocol. Journal of mobile technology in medicine, 5(4), 31-40.
5. National Tuberculosis Control Program. (2018). Tuberculosis Control in Myanmar. Myanmar: Government Printing Press.

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