Senior Fitness ISSA, health and medicine homework help

This week’s assignment:

Short Answer 

1. In your own words, describe the effects of aging on the lungs. (2) 

2. In your own words, describe the effects of aging on muscle. (2) 

3. In your own words, describe why cardiovascular exercise is recommended for patients with heart disease. (3) 

4.  In your own words, describe the effects of strength training on bone density. (3) 

5. Explain the cycle of decline and offer three ways to break this cycle. Explain your recommendations. (5) 

Learning Experience (20) 
Choose one of the following learning experiences. Perform the experience as instructed and write a 250 word essay describing your experience and what you gained from participating. Provide a comprehensive explanation of your findings, including the answer to the learning experience, as well as how this knowledge can benefit you in your service to your future clients, friends, and/or family.

1. Research the different methods of body composition testing. Describe at least five methods you found in detail. How are they ranked in the research you found? Which method is best for assessing your older clients? 

2. Choose one of the physiological conditions listed in Unit 4; find a national organization whose mission it is to educate the public and prevent this condition. For example: The American Lung Association provides education to the public regarding lung disease. Visit a local unit and speak with the health educator about the program. Discuss the prevention materials that they provide in your essay. Is fitness a part of the prevention program? Is the program accessible to older adults? Include the answers to these questions in your essay.

Expert Solution Preview

Introduction: Aging is a natural process that affects different parts of our body, including the lungs, muscles, cardiovascular system, bones, and overall fitness. As medical college students, it’s crucial to understand the effects of aging on the body and how to prevent or treat related conditions. In this assignment, we’ll answer short questions and choose one learning experience to gain practical knowledge and insights that we can use in our future careers.

1. In your own words, describe the effects of aging on the lungs. (2)

As we age, the lungs lose elasticity and airways become stiffer, making it difficult to breathe deeply. The lung capacity and function decrease, leading to shortness of breath and fatigue during physical activities. Aging also increases the risk of lung infections, such as pneumonia, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a progressive respiratory condition that affects the airways and reduces lung function over time.

2. In your own words, describe the effects of aging on muscle. (2)

Aging can cause a gradual loss of muscle mass, strength, and flexibility known as sarcopenia. The decline in hormones such as testosterone and growth hormone, sedentary lifestyle, and poor nutrition contribute to sarcopenia. This can lead to decreased mobility, balance, and increased risk of falls. People with sarcopenia also require more time to recover from injuries or illnesses.

3. In your own words, describe why cardiovascular exercise is recommended for patients with heart disease. (3)

Cardiovascular exercise, such as brisk walking, running, cycling, or swimming, strengthens the heart muscle, improves blood circulation, lowers blood pressure, and reduces the risk of heart disease. It also helps to manage existing heart conditions by increasing the heart’s efficiency, reducing inflammation, and improving cholesterol levels. Cardiovascular exercise can also improve overall fitness, quality of life, and reduce stress levels, which are crucial for people with heart disease.

4. In your own words, describe the effects of strength training on bone density. (3)

Strength training, or resistance exercise, involves lifting weights or using resistance bands or bodyweight to build muscle and bone strength. It is especially important for older adults to prevent or reduce the risk of osteoporosis, a condition that weakens bones and increases the risk of fractures. Strength training can stimulate bone growth and density by putting stress on the bones, causing them to adapt and become stronger. It also improves muscle strength, balance, and coordination, reducing the risk of falls, which can also lead to fractures.

5. Explain the cycle of decline and offer three ways to break this cycle. Explain your recommendations. (5)

The cycle of decline is a pattern in which older adults become less active and healthy, leading to physical decline, social isolation, depression, and further health problems. Three ways to break this cycle are:

1. Regular physical activity: Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, cycling, or swimming, can improve health, mood, and social connections. It can also reduce the risk of chronic diseases and promote independence.

2. Nutritious diet: Consuming a balanced and nutritious diet can provide essential nutrients and energy to support overall health and prevent chronic conditions. Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains can also help maintain a healthy weight and mental wellbeing.

3. Social engagement: Staying socially connected and engaged with family, friends, and community can reduce loneliness, depression, and cognitive decline. Participating in hobbies, volunteering, or joining groups can provide opportunities for social interaction and purpose.

In conclusion, breaking the cycle of decline requires a multidimensional approach that considers physical activity, nutrition, and social engagement. As future medical professionals, we can promote these lifestyle habits to support older adults’ health and wellbeing.

Learning Experience 2:

I chose to research the Parkinson’s Foundation, whose mission is to improve the lives of people with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and advance toward a cure. Parkinson’s is a progressive neurological condition that affects movement, balance, and coordination, primarily in older adults. The Parkinson’s Foundation focuses on research, education, and advocacy to support those living with PD, their families, and healthcare professionals.

The foundation’s prevention program involves educating people about the risk factors, such as age, genetics, and environmental exposure, and promoting physical activity, healthy eating, and mental health. Fitness is a crucial component of the program, as exercise can improve motor symptoms, balance, and quality of life in people with PD. The foundation provides free resources, such as exercise videos, classes, and webinars, tailored to different stages of PD and mobility levels.

Overall, researching the Parkinson’s Foundation’s prevention program provided me with insights into how national organizations can address complex conditions such as PD. The program’s emphasis on physical activity and fitness aligns with our understanding of the effects of aging and can benefit older adults with or without PD. As future healthcare professionals, we can collaborate with these organizations to support our clients’ holistic health and wellbeing.

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