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FOCUSED SOAP NOTE AND PATIENT CASE PRESENTATION, PART 1

Psychiatric notes are a way to reflect on your practicum experiences and connect them to the didactic learning you gain from your NRNP courses. Focused SOAP notes, such as the ones required in this practicum course, are often used in clinical settings to document patient care.

For this Assignment, you will document information about a patient that you examined during the last three weeks, using the Focused SOAP Note Template provided. You will then use this note to develop and record a case presentation for this patient.

Please see the information provided and fill in the HILIGHTED missing information.

  1. Diagnostic results: Include any labs, X-rays, or other diagnostics that are needed to develop the differential diagnoses (support with evidenced and guidelines).
  2. Diagnostic Impression: You must begin to narrow your differential diagnosis to your diagnostic impression.  You must explain how and why (your rationale) you ruled out any of your differential diagnoses. You must explain how and why (your rationale) you concluded to your diagnostic impression.  You will use supporting evidence from the literature to support your rationale. Include pertinent positives and pertinent negatives for the specific patient case. (total of 3 differential diagnoses for this part with one to include unspecified psychosis)
  3. Reflections: Reflect on this case and discuss whether or not you agree with your preceptor’s assessment and diagnostic impression of the patient and why or why not. What did you learn from this case? What would you do differently? Also include in your reflection a discussion related to legal/ethical considerations (demonstrating critical thinking beyond confidentiality and consent for treatment!), social determinates of health, health promotion and disease prevention taking into consideration patient factors (such as age, ethnic group, etc.), PMH, and other risk factors (e.g., socioeconomic, cultural background, etc.).
  4. Case formulation and treatment Plan: Includes documentation of diagnostic studies that will be obtained, referrals to other health care providers, therapeutic interventions including psychotherapy and/or psychopharmacology, education, disposition of the patient, and any planned follow-up visits. Each diagnosis or condition documented in the assessment should be addressed in the plan. The details of the plan should follow an orderly manner.

Risks and benefits of medications are discussed including non- treatment. Potential side effects of medications discussed (be detailed in what side effects discussed). Informed client not to stop medication abruptly without discussing with providers. Instructed to call and report any adverse reactions. 

Discussed risks of mixing medications with OTC drugs, herbal, alcohol/illegal drugs. Instructed to avoid this practice. Encouraged abstinence. Discussed how drugs/alcohol affect mental health, physical health, sleep architecture.

Initiation of (list out any medication and why prescribed, any therapy services or referrals to specialist):

Client was encouraged to continue with case management and/or therapy services (if not provided by you)

Client has emergency numbers:  Emergency Services 911, the Client’s Crisis Line 1-800-_______. Client instructed to go to nearest ER or call 911 if they become actively suicidal and/or homicidal. (only if you or preceptor provided them)

Reviewed hospital records/therapist records for collaborative information; Reviewed PMP report (only if actually completed)

Time allowed for questions and answers provided. Provided supportive listening. Client appeared to understand discussion. Client is amenable with this plan and agrees to follow treatment regimen as discussed. (this relates to informed consent; you will need to assess their understanding and agreement)

Follow up with PCP as needed and/or for:

Labs ordered and/or reviewed (write out what diagnostic test ordered, rationale for ordering, and if discussed fasting/non fasting or other patient education)

Return to clinic:

Continued treatment is medically necessary to address chronic symptoms, improve functioning, and prevent the need for a higher level of care.

Expert Solution Preview

Introduction:

In this assignment, you are required to document information about a patient that you examined during the last three weeks using the Focused SOAP Note Template provided. Additionally, you will develop and record a case presentation for this patient based on the information gathered. The assignment includes several components, including providing diagnostic results, narrowing down the differential diagnoses to a diagnostic impression, reflecting on the case, and formulating a treatment plan.

Answer:

1. Diagnostic results: In order to develop the differential diagnoses, it is important to include any relevant diagnostic results such as labs, X-rays, or other tests. These results provide objective evidence and help support the reasoning behind the diagnostic impression.

2. Diagnostic Impression: The differential diagnoses should be narrowed down to a single diagnostic impression. To do this, you need to explain how and why you ruled out each of the other possible diagnoses. Your rationale should be supported by evidence from the literature, including pertinent positives and negatives for the specific patient case. For this part, you should include a total of three differential diagnoses, with one of them including unspecified psychosis.

3. Reflections: In this section, reflect on the case and discuss whether or not you agree with your preceptor’s assessment and diagnostic impression of the patient, and provide reasons for your agreement or disagreement. Additionally, discuss what you have learned from this case and what you would do differently if presented with a similar case in the future. Furthermore, include a discussion on legal/ethical considerations, social determinants of health, health promotion, and disease prevention, taking into consideration patient factors, PMH, and other risk factors.

4. Case formulation and treatment plan: This section should include a documentation of the diagnostic studies that will be obtained, referrals to other healthcare providers, therapeutic interventions (including psychotherapy and/or psychopharmacology), education, disposition of the patient, and any planned follow-up visits. Each diagnosis or condition identified in the assessment should be addressed in the plan, and the details of the plan should be presented in an orderly manner.

Additionally, in the context of medication, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits, including potential side effects. It is crucial to inform the client not to stop the medication abruptly without discussing it with their healthcare providers. Furthermore, it is essential to discuss the risks of mixing medications with OTC drugs, herbal substances, alcohol, or illegal drugs, and to instruct the client to avoid this practice. Encourage abstinence, and explain how drugs and alcohol can affect mental health, physical health, and sleep architecture.

Initiation of any medication should be mentioned, along with the reason for prescribing it. If therapy services or referrals to specialists are necessary, they should also be documented. It is important to provide emergency numbers to the client, such as Emergency Services and the Client’s Crisis Line, in case they become actively suicidal or homicidal. Furthermore, if relevant, indicate whether you reviewed hospital records, therapist records, or a PMP report.

Lastly, it is essential to mention that time was allowed for questions and answers, and supportive listening was provided. Evaluate the client’s understanding and agreement with the treatment plan as part of the informed consent process. Follow-up with the primary care physician as needed and indicate the need for any specific labs or diagnostic tests and provide reasoning for ordering them, along with any fasting or patient education requirements. Finally, mention the need for a return visit to the clinic, emphasizing the importance of continued treatment to address chronic symptoms, improve functioning, and prevent the need for higher levels of care.

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