Topic 1: Global Determinants of Health
This Unit addresses global issues in health promotion. Read the required reading for Unit 10 including the articles and required websites. Because of the diversity of cultures, and an expanding migratory global population, you as a masters prepared registered nurse may be challenged with patients who are at risk or suffering from various conditions, such as tuberculosis or malnutrition. You may also be involved in natural disaster preparation or response, communicable disease outbreak care or bioterrorism management.
For this discussion, you will address a global health issue of your choice and identify related health risks for a particular group or patient. Include statistics for your choice/s. Include strategies you could utilize to help you incorporate the client’s cultural preferences within the education, prevention, or treatment plan. Consider the roles of interprofessional resources in your post.
Expert Solution Preview
Health promotion is a crucial aspect of healthcare that aims at enhancing the health of individuals and communities as a whole. As a healthcare professional, it is important to have an understanding of global determinants of health and how they affect individuals and populations. In this assignment, we will discuss a global health issue of our choice and identify related health risks for a particular group or patient, including strategies that could be utilized to incorporate the client’s cultural preferences within the education, prevention, or treatment plan. We will also consider the roles of interprofessional resources in our post.
Question: What is a global health issue that you would like to address?
Answer: A global health issue that I would like to address is maternal mortality. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 295,000 women died during and following pregnancy and childbirth in 2017. The majority of these deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries, with sub-Saharan Africa accounting for two-thirds of the deaths. Pregnant women in these regions face a range of challenges, including lack of access to quality and timely healthcare, malnutrition, and poverty, among others.
Question: Which patient group is at the greatest risk for the health issue you identified?
Answer: Pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries, particularly those in sub-Saharan Africa, are at the greatest risk for maternal mortality. According to WHO, the maternal mortality ratio in sub-Saharan Africa is 533 deaths per 100,000 live births, compared to 12 deaths per 100,000 live births in high-income countries. Women from marginalized communities, such as those living in rural areas or those with limited access to healthcare, are at an even greater risk.
Question: What strategies could you utilize to incorporate the client’s cultural preferences within the education, prevention, or treatment plan for the health issue you identified?
Answer: To incorporate a client’s cultural preferences within the education, prevention, or treatment plan for maternal mortality, healthcare professionals can consider factors such as language, traditions, and religion. For example, if a client speaks a different language, providing translated materials or having a trained interpreter present during appointments could be helpful. Additionally, healthcare professionals can consider incorporating traditional practices and beliefs into the treatment plan, where appropriate, to ensure that the client feels comfortable and respected. Communication and collaboration with community leaders and traditional birth attendants can also be beneficial in ensuring that the treatment plan is culturally appropriate.
Question: What role do interprofessional resources play in addressing the health issue you identified?
Answer: Interprofessional resources, such as midwives, obstetricians, and community health workers, play a crucial role in addressing maternal mortality. Working together, these professionals can provide comprehensive care and support to pregnant women, ensuring that they have access to quality and timely healthcare services. Additionally, interprofessional collaboration can enable healthcare professionals to provide culturally appropriate care and address the various social and economic factors that contribute to maternal mortality. Finally, community engagement and education initiatives, led by healthcare professionals in partnership with community leaders and traditional birth attendants, can help to raise awareness and promote maternal health.