Create a patient scenario for the behavioral health issue that corresponds with the first initial of your last name in the table below.
- Bipolar Disorder
- Include the following sections:
- Patient chief complaint
History of present illness
- Social history
Family medical history
Past medical history
Medications currently taken
Include specific drug names (not drug class), dose, frequency
Medications you will prescribe to address current situation.
If you are unable to prescribe anything for the current situation, explain why and what the plan will be to address the issue/symptoms.
MARYLAND/ State and Federal Regulations
Identify the state where you live.
Identify what your state laws say about prescribing behavioral health drugs without being certified and/or credentialed as a psych-mental health NP.
How does the Affordable Care Act affect behavioral health care?
How do these factors impact the patient in the scenario you provided?
Provide information on how you would know if the patient you create needs support beyond what you can provide as a primary care NP.
Identify community resources available in your area to refer patients in need of assistance before they can establish care with a primary mental health provider.
Identify the facilities in your area where you would send a patient in need of urgent assessment and intervention.
Identify resources in your area that are available to patients who may not be able to afford behavioral health care.
- Legal & Ethical Considerations
Identify potential legal issues that could arise from how you do or do not choose to treat this patient.
- Identify potential ethical issues that could arise from how you do or do not choose to treat this patient.
- What follow-up is needed for your patient?
- What do you need to do as a primary care provider to mitigate potential risks in providing care for behavioral health concerns?
- Hi state is Maryland
Expert Solution Preview
Introduction: In this assignment, I have created a patient scenario for the behavioral health issue of Bipolar Disorder. The patient presented with specific symptoms and medical history. I will also discuss the medications prescribed and the implications of state and federal regulations, including the Affordable Care Act, on behavioral health care. Additionally, I will address community resources available for patients in need and highlight legal and ethical considerations that may arise in treating this patient. Finally, I will mention the necessary follow-up for the patient and steps to mitigate risks in providing care for behavioral health concerns.
Behavioral Health Issue: Bipolar Disorder
– Chief Complaint: The patient complains of fluctuating moods, ranging from periods of extreme elation and high energy to periods of deep depression and low energy. They also experience difficulty concentrating and making decisions.
– History of Present Illness: The patient has a history of Bipolar Disorder with recurrent manic and depressive episodes lasting several weeks or months. This has significantly impacted their daily functioning and interpersonal relationships. The patient has a previous diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder and has sought treatment before.
– Social History: The patient is currently employed but has had difficulty maintaining consistent employment due to the symptoms of Bipolar Disorder. They have a supportive family, including a partner who is willing to participate in the treatment process.
– Family Medical History: The patient’s mother has a history of Bipolar Disorder, which suggests a genetic predisposition to the condition.
– Past Medical History: The patient has a history of anxiety disorder and substance abuse, both of which have been implicated in worsening the symptoms of Bipolar Disorder.
– Medications Currently Taken:
– Lithium 900mg/day, taken in divided doses (maintenance therapy for stabilizing mood)
– Quetiapine 200mg/day, taken at bedtime (antipsychotic medication for managing manic symptoms)
– Fluoxetine 20mg/day, taken in the morning (antidepressant medication for managing depressive symptoms)
– Medications to Address Current Situation: As the patient is already on a combination of mood stabilizers and antidepressants, no immediate changes to the medication regimen are necessary. However, regular monitoring and medication adjustments may be required to optimize symptom management.
MARYLAND/ State and Federal Regulations:
– Maryland laws state that prescribing behavioral health drugs without being certified and/or credentialed as a psych-mental health NP is not allowed. Only qualified professionals with appropriate certifications in behavioral health can prescribe such medications.
– The Affordable Care Act has greatly expanded access to behavioral health care services by mandating insurance coverage for mental health and substance use disorder treatment. This ensures that individuals with Bipolar Disorder can receive the necessary care and medications without significant financial burden.
– These factors impact the patient in our scenario by ensuring that they have access to behavioral health care services and medications through their insurance coverage. However, the patient would need to see a certified psych-mental health NP or a psychiatrist for any adjustments to their medication regimen.
– To determine if the patient needs support beyond primary care, regular follow-up appointments and open communication with the patient are crucial. Monitoring the patient’s response to treatment and the severity of symptoms can help identify the need for additional support.
– In Maryland, community resources available to refer patients in need of assistance before they can establish care with a primary mental health provider include nonprofit organizations such as the Mental Health Association of Maryland, local counseling centers, and support groups facilitated by mental health professionals.
– Facilities in the area where a patient in need of urgent assessment and intervention can be sent include psychiatric emergency departments, crisis stabilization units, or local hospitals with dedicated psychiatric units.
– Resources available to patients who may not be able to afford behavioral health care in Maryland include Medicaid, the Maryland Behavioral Health Administration’s programs, and community health clinics that offer sliding fee scales based on income.
Legal & Ethical Considerations:
– Potential legal issues that could arise in treating this patient include prescribing medications without appropriate certifications or credentials as per Maryland state laws. This can result in professional misconduct and legal penalties.
– Potential ethical issues that could arise include avoiding biases and stigmatization towards mental health conditions, ensuring patient autonomy in decision-making regarding their treatment, and maintaining confidentiality while coordinating care with other healthcare providers involved in the patient’s treatment.
Follow-up and Risk Mitigation:
– Follow-up for this patient would involve regular appointments to assess symptom management, medication adherence, and potential side effects. Adequate communication with the patient and their support system is essential to ensure ongoing care.
– To mitigate potential risks in providing care for behavioral health concerns, as a primary care provider, one should maintain good communication and coordination with mental health specialists, stay up-to-date with evidence-based practices, participate in professional development activities, and adhere to legal and ethical guidelines set forth by regulatory bodies.
In conclusion, this patient scenario of Bipolar Disorder highlights the importance of an integrated approach involving medical and behavioral health professionals. Within the framework of state and federal regulations, community resources play a crucial role in supporting patients in need. As a primary care provider, addressing legal and ethical considerations, ensuring appropriate follow-up, and taking steps to mitigate risks are essential for providing comprehensive care for behavioral health issues.