Fetal Abnormality, health and medicine homework help

Write a 750-1000 word analysis of “Case Study: Fetal Abnormality.” Be sure to address the following questions:

  1. Which theory or theories are being used by Jessica, Marco, Maria, and Dr. Wilson to determine the moral status of the fetus? Explain.
  2. How does the theory determine or influence each of their recommendation for action?
  3. What theory do you agree with? How would that theory determine or influence the recommendation for action?

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, 

You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.


Expert Solution Preview

Introduction:
The Case Study: Fetal Abnormality discusses the moral and ethical issues surrounding the decision to terminate a pregnancy due to a fetal abnormality. This analysis will address the theories used by the characters in the case study to determine the moral status of the fetus, how these theories influence their recommendations for action, and which theory aligns with my perspective on the issue.

1. Which theory or theories are being used by Jessica, Marco, Maria, and Dr. Wilson to determine the moral status of the fetus? Explain.
Jessica, Marco, Maria, and Dr. Wilson use various ethical theories to determine the moral status of the fetus. Jessica utilizes consequentialist theory, where actions are evaluated based on their outcomes or consequences. She believes that terminating the pregnancy will result in less suffering for both the fetus and the parents, and therefore, it is morally acceptable. Marco follows deontological theory, where actions are judged based on their adherence to moral rules and principles. He believes that it is intrinsically wrong to terminate a pregnancy and goes against the moral rule of not harming innocent individuals. Maria, on the other hand, adheres to virtue ethics, where actions are based on what a virtuous person would do. She believes that it is her duty as a mother to protect her child, regardless of any abnormalities. Lastly, Dr. Wilson employs the ethical theory of autonomy, where individuals have the right to make their own decisions. He believes that it is up to Jessica and Marco to make the decision that aligns with their personal beliefs and values.

2. How does the theory determine or influence each of their recommendations for action?
Each theory influences the recommendation for action differently. Jessica’s consequentialist theory guides her to believe that terminating the pregnancy is the best option since it minimizes overall negative consequences for everyone involved. Marco’s deontological theory leads him to believe that protecting the life of the fetus is a moral duty that should not be violated, and thus recommends continuing the pregnancy. Maria’s virtue ethics theory influences her to believe that it is her responsibility to protect and care for her child, regardless of any abnormalities, and therefore supports continuing the pregnancy. Lastly, Dr. Wilson’s autonomy theory drives him to believe that Jessica and Marco have the right to make their own decision, and therefore, he presents them with all options and allows them to make the choice that aligns with their beliefs.

3. What theory do you agree with? How would that theory determine or influence the recommendation for action?
Personally, I agree with Dr. Wilson’s autonomy theory. I believe that individuals have the right to make their own decisions about their lives, as long as they are not harming others. Dr. Wilson’s theory aligns with my perspective since it allows Jessica and Marco to make the decision that is best for them, while respecting their autonomy. This theory would influence my recommendation for action by presenting all the available options to Jessica and Marco, and allowing them to make the final decision after considering their personal values and beliefs. As a medical professor, my primary responsibility would be to provide accurate and comprehensive information regarding all available options and to support the decision that Jessica and Marco make.

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