EMS 2301 Anatomy and Physiology I
**Unit V Discussion Question
Healthcare workers encounter the geriatric population daily, and there are challenges each one brings. One such challenge is the potential for bone fractures. Why do you think bone fractures occur more readily in the elderly without injury or severe trauma? What mechanism can you provide to assist a patient who may have experienced a bone fracture?
Unit VI Discussion Question
Your unit has been called to a 22-year-old male assault victim who sustained a direct blow to the head on the right side. Upon arrival, he was unconscious with response only to painful stimuli. His airway is open, respirations are 26 breaths per minute/irregular, heart rate at 58 bpm, and SaO2 at 94% on room air. His blood pressure is 186/118, and skin is cool, pale, and clammy. Upon visualization, the patient is bleeding from a large laceration to the right side. CSF fluid is coming from the left ear. No battle signs or raccoon eyes are present. What would be your treatment, and why? What cranial bones may be involved?
HCA 3302 Critical Issues in Health Care
Unit V Discussion Question
How are the ethical principles of nonmaleficence and beneficence violated by ransomware that could be in a health care organization’s information system?
Unit VI Discussion Question
In regard to health care epidemics, how does a person’s choice to vaccinate or not to vaccinate against influenza play into this concern?
HTH 2303 Pathophysiology
Unit V Discussion Board Question
Huntington’s disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder that leads to degenerative neurological loss and dementia. Because it is autosomal dominant, children of the affected person have a 50% chance of also having the mutation. Genetic testing can identify the mutation. Unfortunately, symptoms do not occur until the person is in middle adulthood and has usually had children by then. If one of your parents developed HD, would you want to be tested for the mutation? Why, or why not?
As you respond to your classmates, discuss why you would or why you would not.
Unit VI Discussion Question
Some athletes take performance enhancing drugs (PEDs); frequently, it is testosterone or similar androgens. All sports governing authorities prohibit use of PEDs. Why? If an athlete wants to enhance performance, should not the person be allowed to do whatever they want with their body? Explain your rationale.
As you respond to your classmates, discuss the rationale of your responseBottom of Form
Expert Solution Preview
As a medical professor, it is important to design effective assignments and provide comprehensive answers for students to enhance their knowledge and understanding of various medical topics. In this assignment, there are questions related to anatomy and physiology, critical issues in healthcare, and pathophysiology. Each question requires a detailed and well-explained answer to help students deepen their understanding of the topic.
Bone fractures occur more frequently in the elderly due to a decrease in bone density and mass caused by hormonal changes, genomics, and lifestyle choices. Aging reduces the rate of bone production, making bones thinner and more likely to break or fracture. Additionally, many older people suffer from conditions that weaken bones such as osteoporosis that lead to brittle bones that break more easily. Physical activity and calcium intake are essential factors in maintaining bone health in individuals of all ages. To assist a patient with a bone fracture, it is essential to immobilize the broken bone, elevate the affected part, use ice or cold packs to reduce swelling and pain, and seek medical assistance immediately.
The first step in treating a 22-year-old male assault victim with a direct blow to the head is to stabilize and secure the airway. The patient’s bleeding needs to be controlled, and the wound should be cleaned to prevent further damage. The patient’s blood pressure needs to be decreased with medication to prevent the patient from developing high cerebral edema and intracranial pressure. The affected area must be immobilized to prevent further injury. If the patient’s condition worsens, the patient may need intubation and be transported to an emergency room for further treatment. The patient might have cranial bones, such as the temporoccipital, temporoparietal, and sphenoid bones, that could be involved.
Ransomware affects the availability and confidentiality of patient data, which violates the ethical principles of nonmaleficence and beneficence. Ransomware attacks result in a lack of access to health care services and significantly impact patient care quality. Ransomware attacks create a situation of duress for healthcare providers that are already dealing with patients’ lives, adding an extra layer of stress and increasing the probability of making errors in providing care. Therefore, ransomware can have a hospital-wide effect on patient outcomes and care quality, which goes against the ethical principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence.
Choosing whether to vaccinate or not against influenza can have significant effects on health care epidemics. Vaccination helps protect millions of people from flu-related diseases and complications that lead to death annually. It is especially important for high-risk individuals, including the elderly, young children, and pregnant women, to get vaccinated every year. However, some people choose not to vaccinate because they believe it causes harm or because of personal beliefs. This decision can negatively impact overall public health and contribute to the spread of flu transmission.
Knowing that Huntington’s disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder, and that children of an affected person have a 50% chance of having the mutation, it is understandable to consider being tested for the mutation. However, having knowledge of one’s status can create emotional stress and limit an individual’s life insurance options. On the other hand, knowing the status can be essential in making sound decisions regarding personal health, planning for potential complications ahead, and addressing the condition timely. Ultimately, the decision to be tested should be a personal one that is taken into consideration after weighing the various personal and health ramifications.
Athletes who take performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) have an unfair advantage over other athletes who do not use them. PEDs use has become prevalent in sports due to factors such as pressure to win, financial compensation, and the image of invincibility associated with being an elite athlete. It can cause damage to the body and lead to physical and psychological dependence. All sports governing authorities prohibit the use of PEDs to ensure equal playing field predominantly related to fairness and the safety of the athletes. Giving free rein to athletes to manipulate their body to enhance their performance could lead to an arms race among athletes to enhance their abilities.