Case study #2 – Improving Pacific Islander health through community participation, p.428 in textbook:
Huff, R. M., Klein, M. V., Klein, & Peterson, D. V. (Eds). (2015). Health promotion in multicultural populations: A handbook for practitioners and students. (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications Ltd.
Expert Solution Preview
As a medical professor, it is essential to provide students with real-life case studies that expand their knowledge base and highlight key issues within the medical field. One such case study, presented in the textbook ‘Health promotion in multicultural populations: A Handbook for practitioners and students,’ concerns the improvement of Pacific Islander health through the participation of the community. In this case study, we evaluate the current health status of Pacific Islanders living in Australia, examine the challenges they face, and consider the role of community participation in addressing these issues.
Question: What are the key health issues facing Pacific Islanders in Australia, according to the case study?
According to the case study, Pacific Islanders in Australia face several significant health issues. These include high rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardio-vascular disease, and psychological challenges such as depression and anxiety. These health issues are compounded by factors such as low income, limited access to healthcare, language barriers, and cultural differences. Pacific Islanders in Australia also experience significant cultural and social challenges, including discrimination, marginalisation, and a lack of representation within key health organisations.
Question: How can community participation improve Pacific Islander health in Australia, according to the case study?
The case study suggests that community participation is a crucial factor in improving the health of Pacific Islanders in Australia. Community participation can involve a range of activities, including community-based healthcare initiatives, health promotion campaigns, and community engagement strategies. These activities can help address key health challenges by promoting health literacy, encouraging healthy lifestyle choices, and addressing social and cultural barriers to healthcare access. By engaging with the Pacific Islander community, healthcare providers can build trust, understanding, and empathy and establish culturally-appropriate healthcare services. Consequently, community participation can play a vital role in improving the health status and wellbeing of Pacific Islanders in Australia.