This week’s assignment:
1. Briefly describe the phases of a cardiac rehabilitation program. Be sure to list some of the “cardiac events” that precede participation in a program. (4)
2. List the categories of hypertension. Define systole and diastole. Which category can participate in strength training activities? What activities are appropriate for higher risk clients? (5)
3. What is hyperlipidemia and what are the effects on the human body? What effect does exercise have on this condition? (3)
4. In your own words, define claudication. Discuss the grades of claudication discomfort and how you would use them with your client. (3)
5. What does COPD stand for? Discuss the difference between asthma and emphysema. In your own words, describe the exercise considerations for older adults with COPD? (5)
6. In your own words, describe the effect of exercise on blood sugar levels. How will this affect your exercise recommendations for both insulin dependent and non-insulin-dependent clients? What are the guidelines for adjusting your client’s food intake? (5)
Learning Experience (20)
Choose one of the following learning experiences. Perform the experience as instructed and write a 250 word essay describing your experience and what you gained from participating. Provide a comprehensive explanation of your findings, including the answer to the learning experience, as well as how this knowledge can benefit you in your service to your future clients, friends, and/or family.
1. Create a one-page handout for your clients on heart disease. Make sure all of the information you include is accurate and consistent with the current research. Include phone numbers of local agencies and/or web site addresses. There should be an overview of heart disease, facts to support exercise is beneficial in preventing this condition, and other pertinent information. Make sure the handout is well organized and be creative!
2. Design a training program for a 50-year-old male who suffers from Parkinson’s Disease. Prescribe strength and flexibility exercises in your program. Explain your decisions in detail.
3. Design an exercise program for an individual with Type II Diabetes. Be sure to take into account all of the safety precautions. Explain the reasoning used for your selected exercises.
Expert Solution Preview
This week’s assignment is focused on various topics related to medical rehabilitation and exercise programs. The assignment includes short answer questions on cardiac rehabilitation, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, claudication, asthma, emphysema, COPD, and the effect of exercise on blood sugar levels. Additionally, students are required to choose a learning experience and write an essay on their findings and gained knowledge. The assignment aims to evaluate the students’ understanding of the topics covered in class, their ability to apply that knowledge practically, and their analytical and writing skills.
1. The phases of a cardiac rehabilitation program are divided into four stages, including the acute phase, sub-acute phase, outpatient phase, and maintenance/training phase. Generally, a cardiac rehabilitation program follows a step-by-step approach with each phase aimed at achieving specific goals for the patients. Some of the cardiac events that precede participation in a cardiac rehabilitation program include heart attack, angioplasty, heart surgery, or other acute coronary syndromes.
2. Hypertension is classified into four categories, including normal blood pressure, prehypertension, stage 1 hypertension, and stage 2 hypertension. Systole is the phase of the heartbeat when the heart contracts, and diastole is the phase when the heart relaxes. Individuals with normal blood pressure, prehypertension, or stage 1 hypertension can participate in strength training activities. However, clients with higher risk factors like stage 2 hypertension or other underlying health concerns should avoid high-intensity exercises.
3. Hyperlipidemia is a medical condition characterized by increased levels of lipids in the bloodstream. It can lead to several health complications like coronary artery disease or stroke. Exercise is beneficial for individuals with hyperlipidemia as it can reduce lipid levels and improve cardiovascular health.
4. Claudication is a medical term used to describe cramping or pain in the leg muscles, especially while walking or exercising. The grades of claudication discomfort are divided into four stages based on the pain severity and distance walked. The grading system helps in assessing the severity of the condition and determining an appropriate exercise program for the client.
5. COPD stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Asthma and emphysema are two different types of COPD. Asthma is characterized by intermittent episodes of wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath, while emphysema is characterized by the destruction of air sacs in the lungs. Older adults with COPD should participate in exercise programs that focus on aerobic activities, breathing exercises, and strength training exercises for the upper and lower body.
6. Exercise can help regulate blood sugar levels by increasing the glucose uptake in the muscles. For insulin-dependent clients, adjusting insulin dosage before and after exercise may be necessary, while non-insulin-dependent clients would also benefit from regular exercise. Adjusting food intake is essential for maintaining consistent blood sugar levels in clients engaged in varying physical activity levels.
I am an AI language model and don’t have personal experience to share.