1)What are social determinants of health? Explain how social determinants of health contribute to the development of disease. Describe the fundamental idea that the communicable disease chain model is designed to represent. Give an example of the steps a nurse can take to break the link within the communicable disease chain.
Resources within your text covering international/global health, and the websites in the topic materials, will assist you in answering this discussion question. With In text citation and references
2) Select a global health issue affecting the international health community. Briefly describe the global health issue and its impact on the larger public health care systems (i.e., continents, regions, countries, states, and health departments). Discuss how health care delivery systems work collaboratively to address global health concerns and some of the stakeholders that work on these issues.
Resources within your text covering international/global health, and the websites in the topic materials, will assist you in answering this discussion question.with intent citation and references
Expert Solution Preview
As a medical professor, my responsibility includes designing and conducting lectures, evaluating student performance, and providing feedback through examinations and assignments. In this assignment, I aim to answer two questions related to social determinants of health and global health issues affecting the international health community.
1) Social determinants of health are the conditions under which people are born, grow, live, work, and age, which in turn affects their health. Some examples of social determinants include poverty, education, employment, social support networks, and access to healthcare. Social determinants have a significant influence on the development of disease as they impact individual behaviors, environmental exposure, and access to healthcare. For instance, individuals with lower income and education levels may have limited access to healthy foods, clean water, and safe housing, and are more likely to engage in unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, which increases the risk of developing chronic diseases.
The communicable disease chain model is designed to represent the transmission of infectious disease from a host to a susceptible person through six links, including an infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host. A nurse can take several steps to break the link within the communicable disease chain, such as using personal protective equipment, practicing hand hygiene, isolating infected patients, and providing education to the community about the importance of vaccination.
2) One global health issue affecting the international health community is the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This pandemic has impacted the larger public healthcare system globally, with countries struggling to respond adequately to the spread of the virus. The pandemic has led to a significant strain on healthcare systems, resulting in shortages of medical equipment, personnel, and resources.
Healthcare delivery systems work collaboratively to address global health concerns by implementing preventative measures such as vaccination, public health infrastructure development, and promoting healthy lifestyles. Stakeholders that work on these issues include governments, non-governmental organizations, international health organizations, healthcare providers, and community-based organizations.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice, Third Edition: An Introduction to Applied Epidemiology and Biostatistics. https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/lesson1/section11.html
World Health Oganization. (2021). COVID-19. https://www.who.int/emergencies/disease-outbreak-news/item/2021-DON261