How has nursing practice evolved over time? Discuss the key leaders and historical events that have influenced the advancement of nursing, nursing education, and nursing roles that are now part of the contemporary nursing profession 400 words each
2. Discuss the difference between a nursing conceptual model and a nursing theory.
Select a nursing theory and provide a concise summary of it. Provide an example in nursing practice where the nursing theory you selected would be effective in managing patient care. 400 words
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Nursing practice has greatly evolved over time, shaped by key leaders and historical events. In this assessment, we will discuss the evolution of nursing practice, nursing education, and nursing roles that are now part of the contemporary nursing profession.
The evolution of nursing practice can be traced back to Florence Nightingale, who is considered the founder of modern nursing. Nightingale’s emphasis on cleanliness, hygiene, and patient-centered care transformed nursing from a menial task performed by untrained caregivers to a respected profession. The introduction of licensure and standardization of nursing education in the 20th century further advanced the profession. The contribution of key leaders such as Mary Eliza Mahoney, Clara Barton, and Loretta Ford, among others, also played a crucial role in shaping the nursing profession.
In nursing, conceptual models and theories are used to guide practice and enhance patient outcomes. A nursing conceptual model provides a broad framework that explains the relationship between various components of nursing practice, while a nursing theory is a more specific, testable explanation of a particular phenomenon or behavior.
One nursing theory that has gained significant attention in recent years is Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. This theory emphasizes the importance of the human connection between nurse and patient and is based on the belief that caring promotes healing. Watson’s theory has been effective in managing patient care in various clinical settings. For example, in palliative care, Watson’s theory can guide nurses to focus on providing comfort and emotional support rather than solely on physical care, which can improve patient and family satisfaction.